• THE IMPOSED WAR AND THE 8-YEAR DEFENSE OF THE IMAM AND IRANIAN NATION:
The failure of plans to overthrow the Islamic Republic Order by means of economic and political blockade, pursued by the U.S.A, everywhere in the world, and its defeat in the operations of the Tabas Desert or (sahra) after occupation of the Spy Den, and failure in Kurdistan attempts, made the ruling class of America in 1359, to consider a fulifledged military course. Power-Balance between East and West, was a condition that prevented unilateral action by the U.S.A. On the other hand, the world public opinion that had become acquainted with the activities of Imam Khomeini in France, and with post-Revolutionary events of Iran, had become familiar with Iranian problems and the rightfulness of the position of this country, effected sympathy with the people of Iran and therefore conditions for direct military campaign to Iran and its justification was not favorable. Also, political conditions of the time and shaky conditions of the Ruling Regimes in the Persian Gulf region did not permit such action. Declaring Iraq as the one who started the war, was a well calculated account. This country was deemed an ally of the Soviet Union and the Eastern Block and involvement of Iraq with Iran would naturally place the Soviets and the Eastern Block by the side of America and Europe, who supported Iraq, and would obliterate probable tensions. Iraq was the second country in the region from the point of view of military personnel and equipment and, if necessary, could, for a long time, manage to fight and carry on a war with Iran depending on its national wealth and the help of reactionary Arab states, without the presence of American and European forces. In the initial plans of America and Saddam, a long drawn war had not been proposed and it was expected that, in the first few days of fighting, Iran and its Revolution would have met their fate.
The power-hungry spirit of Saddam and former border disputes between the two countries, too, presented ideal conditions to America to show green light to Saddam for aggression and military occupation of Iran. If during the years of fighting, the world could not accept the proof and documents presented by Iran, prooving that America, in-line with Europe and the Soviet Union have been the real cause of the war, later on, during the oil war, in which, America stood vis-a-vis Iraq, published documents and confessions, drew aside the curtain and concealed facts were revealed.
Anyway on 31st, Shahrivar, 1359 the Iraqi army started its expansive aggression against Iran. All along the 1280 Kilometres of border line from the northern point to Bandar (port) of Khorramshahr and Abadan, Iraq forces moved in, and occupied Iranian territory. Iraqi aircraft bombarded the Tehran airport and other (sites) at 14:00 hours, the same day. Saddam's war machines that had been readied since long, by the help of French government, and the Ammunition manufacturing cartels of America and England as well as Russian military equipment, trespassed upon Iran, and rapidly advanced Kilometres inside Iranian territory and occupied vast areas all along, belonging to 5 Iranian provinces. The brave initial resistence of bordermen was soon defeated for lack of information and preparedness and for lack of equipment and military force. The Baathis army men were ruthless and savage-like in breaking the resistence. Cities, towns and villages existing in the occupied areas were quickly rased down into piles of dirt and dust. More than 100000 people were made homeless wanderers.
The Iranian army being seriously damaged during the revolution, was undergoing rebuilt. Thousands of foreign military specialists, mainly Americans who during the time of the Shah, had made the army, severely, dependant on themselves in all areas, had left during the Revolution. Many of the complicated instruments and modern aircraft and advanced missiles that were purchased by Iranian money, were in last few days of the Shah's reign transferred to U.S. with a two-month effort by Gen.Howizar. The newly formed Sepah (lit army) of the Revolutionary Guards Corps, formed by the order of Imam Khomeini, was at its early stage and lacked power, equipment, and sufficient experience. During the early days of the war Saddam Hosein, utilizing the Information given by America, France and the fifth Column agents, very well knew these weak points and, therefore, had even prepared maps for a greater Iraq, in which, Khuzistan totally and parts of Western provinces, of Iran were included in the new map of Iraq. He was certain that the Islamic Order could not resist such military expedition and would soon fall, and the arrogant world will support him.
The spread or broadcast of the news about the Iraqi war against Iran, with all its importance met with death-like silence by all international Centers and world powers. This meaningful silence and spiteful animosity of the world powers against the Islamic Republic of Iran and the interior realities of the country and the wide military abilities used by the Baathists, all in all, created conditions that made it very difficult to make decision. Iran was facing a fait accompli, and had but two alternatives to choose: either resist in an unequal war with dimensions and outcomes that seemed dark and confused, or, submit to American desires in order to get him make Saddam Vacate the lands and retreat, and in the long run, to forsake the Revolution and Islam.
These conditions, however harsh, were unable to make Imam Khomeini hesitate about his duty. He believed intuitively, in: "Many a small party has, by Allah's grace, vanquished a host. Allah is with the stead fast" (The Quran, Sure The Cow, vets 249) (33) and had ambulated the moral steps to "annihilation in God" (34), years before he assumed leadership of the Ummat. He had taught the theory of the "Asfar Arbaeh" (35) (Lit. the Four Perapatetic Journeys) on the hejira or migration of the perfect man, and had, actually, experienced these journeys, himeself, completely. Imam Khomeini has included in the texts of his "Practical Code" the decrees of (jihad) crusade and defense as divine duties that cannot be neglected. Anyone acquainted with the lmam's past life and the (sayr) (perapatetic journey) of the gradual perfection process of his personality, can guess beforehand which course or road he will select at this junction, and with what outlook!
The earliest or first reactions of Imam Khomeini and his first messages and lectures in relation to Iraqi army aggression, do much to demonstrate his personality, and the mode of his command. Here, however, is not the place to elaborate on those points, nor to touch on their delicacy and special exclusive features. The Imam Immediately ordered resistance In his ealy analysis, he declared America, as the real perpetrator of the war, and supporter and instigator of Saddam, and he frankly assured the people that, if they defend for God's sake and regad it a religious duty to do so, the enemy will surely, be defeated, although all visible parameters point otherwise. The day after the start of Iraqi invasion, in a statement to the Iranian nation, Imam Khomeini, in seven short but thorough and exact paragraphs, drew up the techniques for managing the affair of the war and of the country in war-time. He, next, in several messages to the Iraqi nation and army, sent an ultimatum and, thereafter, began the guidance and supervision of the difficult task of the long, 8-year war with unprecdented management.
During the first few days of the war, tens of thousands of people's force and volunteers, by message of Imam Khomeini went to the fronts to aid the regular military forces there. in the first instance, the advance of the enemy was halted by the sacrifices of Islamic fighters. The fight was incredibly unequal. As ever, Imam Khomeini's reliance was on God, and on God-seeking men. With a series of speeches and repeated messages, he prepared the people for a hard and long war. Per Quranic teaching, His Holiness the Imam believed in continuation of defense, until cessation of aggression, and punishment of the aggressor. A few days after the start of the war, addressing Muslim Ambassadors to Iran, the Imam said: "We are defenders of Islam and, a Muslim defends with his life, assets and dear ones, and we shall not desise!" At this meeting and by letters and messages to the heads of Islamic states, he asked them, that, even if they consider Saddam a muslim, they must obey the decree of the holy Quran, which requires Muslims to fight an aggressor until he returns to command of God and stops aggressiveness.