An Awakened Nation on the Move
It was the "Day of Kowthar". As midyear 1322 a.h.l. passed by, a child was born in Iran who later on altered the destiny of Iran and of the world of Islam, by his divine uprising. He masterminded a revolution against which, the world's entire dominant powers and all enemies of freedom and independence of nations, lined up from its inception, and rushed to the arena, to suppress it. But, thanks God, so far they have met with failure in their efforts to combat his grand achievement, his thought and the philosophy that he proclaimed.
That day no one knew that that infant would be the one whom future people shall recognize as "Imam Khomini", he who would oppose agents of the greatest worldly powers and armaments when he sets off his movement and uprising to defend the independence of the country and the dignity of the Islamic "Ummat"; he who would become the reviver of God's religion in an era when values have all metamorphosed.

HISTORIC BACKGROUND
The 20th of Jamadi II is the "Day of Kowthar". After the children of the noble prophet of Islam (S.A.W.) passed away, the Quraish polytheists rejoiced and made taunting remarks claiming that the progeny of the Prophet (saw) will not survive. Just then, this judgement came from the Lord of creation: "surely, we have given thee abundance. So, Pray unto thy Lord and sacrifice. Surely, thy foe is the one who shall be of no posterity" (The Holy Quran, Sura A1-Kowthar (abundance) verses 1-3). That very Day the nectar (Kowthar=a river, pond or fountain in Paradise) of Guardianship and Imamate streamed on the earth and the Lady of Chastity and Faith, Her Holiness Seddiqa Tahera (s) was born destined to be consort to our Lord Ali (a.s.) the eternal Imam of justice and humanism, and together to produce a generation of which the eleven stars of Imamate standing on the high road to salvation are but one sample. A generation whose peace and war, whose prayers and silence, whose patience, knowledge, and life of constant resistance and pain and martyrdom and finally the awaited occultation, all reveal divine expediencies and prove that God's servants are not left to themselves during periods of decadence, caged in the fences of time and nature. Furthermore, the seekers of truth and those who stride in the path of guidance always have a pathfinder and the earth is never without signs of heavenly evidence. The period of occultation began while the struggle between the good and the bad continued. Generation after generation, the unruly, mammonists, and providers of vice, stood up in their dark weird front, and on the opposite side, the faithful believers and the purely conducted class gathered in their lighted plane. The lights of inspiration had been cast upon the world and Islam, with its conquest of the hearts of God's good servants, was extending its domain, advancing to the Far East on the one side and to the heart of Europe on the other. A great, unprecedented civilization was in the offing and mankind was witnessing a wonderous leap and evolution in areas of science, culture, arts and all signs of true civilization which were based on solid foundations of faith and incentive. The approach of the awakened intuitions toward the salvation message of the Prophet (saw) was so deep and widespread that the weakness and cruelty of the incompetent rulers could not even curtail the advancement of God's Religion. Europe was aflame in the barbarianism of the Middle Ages and the materialists ruling over the innocent servants of God had taken up position behind the holy cross to prevent the message of him, whose advent, Jesus Christ (a.s.) had heralded, from reaching their dark world, and perhaps, the Medieval Church-shop, devoid of the spirit of the ideology of Jesus and ridden with censorship of opinions or inquisition, which is indeed a hallmark of shame on the histoly of man, may not lose currency. It is a wonder and regret that exactly at the time they had gotten ready to do away with the religion of the last divine Prophet, the fires of friction, search for power and devastating schismatic hypocrisy were being kindled, on this side. It was at this time that a compendium of causes and factors prepared the grounds for scientific and industrial changes in Europe and machines and technology fell into the hands of the enemy and were made use of, by governments and powers. The spread of new sciences and techniques for the development of which Islam had a major decisive part, gave prosperity to the stagnant and primitive European community. The rulers and leaders of Muslim lands accepted the shame of negligence and retardiness rather than taking appropriate steps to span the gap. Consequently, the enemies (of Islam) became stronger each day extending their possessions, so that parts of the Islamic territories, painfully, were attached by colonialism and the bitter story of the rule of power and capital, and challenging the Almighty God as well as open and concealed interference of the colonialists in the destinies of the Islamic lands dragged out, for several centuries.
in Iran, monarchial dynasties came to power one after the other. inspite of constant pressure and oppression over the hard-working Iranian nation, that had, very early, accepted the call to monotheism, remained for a long time the vanguard of Islamic civilization and culture. But suppression by the monarchs and the discordant, divisionist activities of the neo-colonia1ists found new dimensions, especially that, the enemy had now entered the arena using new techniques disguised, as, development and progress. The treason of the Qajar monarchs, (1) their concomitant rule with the era of Anglo-Russian interference in Iran, had germinated the most painful circumstances. Embassies of colonial powers directly involved themselves and interfered in all features of the country's affairs, even in appointment and dismissal of ministers of state, courtiers and military officers. it was at this stage of time, filled with affliction and pain, that wide stretches of Iranian territory and Islamic homeland were ceded to foreigners by shameful agreements or treaties. Within the country, too, insecurity, injustice and governmental corruption bad become the rule. The Tobacco (2) Boycot Decree, by the great clergyman Ayatullah Shirazi, the reformistic cries and calls of Seyyed jamaloddin Asadabad (3) and the uprisings of the clergy (Ulema=religious scholars) against British colonialism in iran and Najaf, had revealed the might of the Islamic clergy. The British government, recognizing the focus of danger, started a wave of anti-clergy challenge and of separation of religion from politics, using various ruses and tricks. Amid all this the freemasons and the queer "westernized" elements, under assumed intellectualism, were fanning the fires inside the country. Muzaffaraddin Shah (4) Qajar, not seeing a foothold for himself, among people, had courted the Anglo-Russian support for the fulfillment of his wishes and hopes, and, to be sure, other Islamic countries were bogged in similar regrettable conditions.